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    Maersk Line: Low cost wins


    As the liner industry in the world is in a dilemma of supply and demand imbalance and the liner company is struggling, the world's largest liner company, Maersk Line, has obviously found a winning recipe.

    Last year, Maersk Shipping delivered a beautiful report card: full-year profit reached 1.5 billion US dollars, an increase of 225% over the same period, the profit accounted for 39.79% of the Maersk Group.

    In the first quarter, Maersk's shipping performance was "stunning". Its quarterly earnings reached 454 million U.S. dollars, up 122.55% over the same period of the previous year, accounting for 37.83% of the total revenue of Maersk.

    In the second quarter, Maersk Line once again "stunned" the market. Its quarterly earnings reached 547 million U.S. dollars, up 24.6 percent over the same period of last year. Its profits accounted for 23.78 percent of Maersk's group and 42.08 percent of Maersk's 1.3 billion U.S. dollars real profit.

    Maersk Line's outstanding performance, so that it is expected to be adjusted for the full year will be "higher than last year's performance" adjusted to "significantly higher than last year's performance."

    Owing to the outstanding performance of its companies such as Maersk Line, Maersk Group recorded a profit of up to 3.5 billion U.S. dollars in the first half of the year. Excluding the termination of the project, impairment losses and the sale of assets, the actual profit reached 2.4 billion U.S. dollars, up 42% over the same period of last year. An Shi years, chief executive of Maersk Group, said the first half of the performance "very satisfied." "We have raised our forecast of actual profit for the full year from $ 4 billion to $ 4.5 billion, and the board of directors decided to buy back $ 1 billion in equity over the next 12 months, given the Group's strong financial position today," he said.

    Strong performance growth

    In the first quarter, Maersk Line achieved operating income of 6.463 billion U.S. dollars, an increase of 2.4% over the same period of last year. Its profit was 454 million U.S. dollars, a sharp increase of 122.55% over the same period of last year. The return on investment capital after tax was 9.0%, up 4.0% over the same period of last year. In the first quarter, the freight rate showed a downward trend. The average freight rate was US $ 2,628 / FEU, down 5.1% YoY, but the cost savings per unit was as much as 9%. At the same time by virtue of lower fuel prices and asset impairment earned back 72 million US dollars, achieved performance growth. In the first quarter, Maersk Line's cargo volume increased by 7.3% from a year earlier to 4.4 million TEU.

    In the second quarter, Maersk Line achieved operating income of 6.902 billion U.S. dollars, up 3.8% over the same period of last year; its profit was 547 million U.S. dollars, up 24.6% over the same period of last year; and the return on investment after tax was double-digit at 10.8%, up from 8.5% in the same period of last year. In the second quarter, the freight rate increased slightly by 0.6% YoY, with an average freight rate of US $ 2,634 / FEU. Cost control remained robust with single box savings of 4.4% and fuel efficiency improvements, with volume up 6.6% YoY to 4.79 million TEUs.

    Looking at the past three years of performance, Maersk Line shipping in addition to 599 million U.S. dollars in the first quarter of 2012, are basically profitable. The second-quarter profit of 540 million U.S. dollars this year is the second highest since 2012, after making a profit of 554 million U.S. dollars in the third quarter of last year. It is also the second quarter with the highest profit in three years.

    In terms of traffic volume, Maersk Line completed 17 million TEUs in 2012 and completed 17.6 million TEUs last year. This year continued its upward trend. In the first quarter, it completed 4.4 million TEU, up 7.3% from the same period of last year. In the second quarter, 4.79 million TEUs were completed, up by 6.6% from the same period of previous year. The traffic in the second quarter was also the highest in nearly three years.

    Wu Daiwei, President of Maersk Line East China (China) Region, told the reporter on the "Shipping Transaction Bulletin": "In the second half of the year, cargo volume growth in the second quarter was stronger than expected. Cargo volume in the first quarter increased by 6.4% The volume of cargo increased by 9.4% YoY in the first quarter; cargo volume in the first quarter increased by 3.8% YoY in the first quarter, and the cargo volume in the second quarter increased by 5% YoY. On the north-south route, the growth of African and Latin American routes was affected by the turbulent monetary policy The momentum is less than the West African route. "

    Wu Daiwei stressed: "Although the volume of air routes in Asia and Europe is increasing, statistics show that the volume of exports from Europe to Asia is declining mainly due to the substantial reduction in the volume of waste paper, which also reflects the trend of more and more The more high value-added products begin to be exported from Europe to Asia. "

    Successfully control costs

    In the past three years, the shipping market freight rate has been on the decline, and Maersk shipping is no exception. According to data provided by Shi Minfu, president of North Asia in Maersk Line, the average freight rate of liner dropped by 1.5% -2% in the past five years.

    Last year, the average freight rate of Maersk Line dropped 7.2% YoY to US $ 2,674 / FEU (US $ 2,881 / FEU in the same period of 2012). This year the freight rate has slowed down. In the first quarter, the average freight rate of Maersk Line was US $ 2,628 / FEU, down 5.1% YoY; in the second quarter, the average freight rate was US $ 2,634 / FEU, basically unchanged from the same period of last year.

    Wu Daiwei said frankly: "Tariffs are determined by market supply and demand, and the trend of tariffs depends on the market. We expect global container shipping demand to grow by 4% to 5% this year. The supply side needs liner companies to better control their capacity, We do see a more stable freight rate. Maersk Line freight tariffs in Asia in August to resume the plan very successful, we plan in September to carry out a new round of tariff recovery plan, I believe the market volume should be Good support. "

    Although tariffs seem to have entered a difficult uptrend, Maersk's shipping cost control has achieved remarkable results. Last year, Maersk Line's average single-unit cost was $ 2,731 / FEU, down 10.6% from a year earlier. In the first quarter of this year, the average shipping cost per unit of Maersk Line was US $ 2,612 / FEU, down 9.1% YoY; the average single-unit cost continued to decline to US $ 2,585 / FEU in the second quarter, down 9.56% YoY, which is also near The lowest average single case cost in three years. For reasons of such success, Maersk Line said it is mainly due to the use of economic speed, new energy-saving vessels, the replacement of ball caps and other lower fuel prices for vessels in need.

    2M is filed

    In the second quarter, Maersk Line received a total of 3 Class 3E ships, bringing the total number of Class 3E ships to market and the remaining 11 Class 3E ships to be delivered by the second half of next year. In the second quarter, the size of Maersk Line grew 4.7% YoY to 2.8 million TEU.

    According to Wu Daiwei, based on the outstanding performance of Maersk Line in the first half of the year, the second half of the year will focus on the one hand, the need to manage capacity more effectively and strive to maintain market share consistent with market growth before the new Class 3E ships to the market; On the other hand, we will promote the ship sharing agreement (2M) announced in July that will work with Mediterranean Shipping for a further 10 years. "We hope that 2M will be implemented smoothly early next year, and in September we will share more routes and port calls with our customers."

    In order to better manage its large vessels and further control the cost, Maersk Line, in cooperation with Mediterranean Shipping and CMA CGM, was rejected by the Chinese Ministry of Commerce after reaching a maximum of 2M with Mediterranean Shipping to improve on the east-west route Route network efficiency, increased port coverage and route service frequency.

    Masanori Yan, president of Maersk (China) Co., Ltd., said: "After the P3 network was deactivated, Maersk Line carefully studied the decision of the Ministry of Commerce of China and took great care for the next decision. Based on whether or not the P3 network was a cause, we decided to establish a The pure ship sharing agreement, which is 2M.2M does not go beyond the existing ship sharing agreement on the market, and G6 alliance, CKYHE, is a very common ship sharing agreement on the market.

    On July 10, Maersk Line announced that it will cooperate with Mediterranean Shipping 2M, covering the Asia-Europe, Transatlantic and Trans-Pacific routes. The 2M will include 185 ships with a projected capacity of 2.1 million TEUs and 21 routes. In terms of capacity, Maersk Line will invest 110 vessels of approximately 1.2 million TEUs (55% of total capacity) and Mediterranean Shipping will enter 75 vessels with a designed capacity of approximately 900,000 TEUs (45% of total capacity).

    As for why China Shipping, not the CMA CGM, was chosen, Yoshihiko said: "Overall, we feel that Mediterranean Shipping is more in line with the expected target of Maersk Shipping, both in terms of business and fleet size. The cooperation of ships on the north-south route will not be affected by 2M. "

    For the current 2M progress, Yan Ci frankly stated: "Unlike previous P3 network, 2M as a purely shipping sharing agreement on the shipping market, without the approval of the antitrust authorities.We have been in accordance with the relevant provisions of the signed with the Mediterranean Shipping Within two weeks of the agreement, we will file with the Ministry of Transport of China. After filing, if there is any doubt about the relevant department, we will actively cooperate with the solution. In Europe, we need self-censorship; in the United States, it has also been filed with the FMC.